Satyagraha - a Ghandi developed problem solving leadership strategy used by Obama to get his desired legislation passed. Some refer to Ghandi developed tactics as 'passive resistance' to an aggressive force, but the words 'passive resistance' are not completely synonymous with the comprehensive satyagraha strategy implemented by Ghandi during his struggles to change India and its citizens.
Satyagraha differs from passive resistance primarily because satyagraha is a strategy implemented by the stronger opponent (as has been the case of President Obama and his supporters in the legislative branch). Passive
Resistance is a strategy implemented by the weak, where they attempt to gain favor from observers by not matching an aggressive action against them with an equal force, but instead absorbing the punishment in hopes of gaining sympathetic support for their cause.
Satyagraha does use a type of force, but that force or 'deep love' is internalized and is derived from the love of a position or philosophy, with an underlying belief that the position represents the 'truth'. This leadership strategy also relies on resisting the use of force or violence against others, which includes all types of force or violence (verbal haranguing would probably fit here), and can be seen in President Obama's compassionate outreach and attempted inclusion of the opposition in legislative matters without castigating them for failing to accept a position that they did not support. [It appears there are members of Congress that still need to work on their satyagraha skills.]
Patience and compassion are visible virtues when implementing this strategy but at the core is the quest for truth. When the quest for the truth is challenged by the politician's most expeditious approach to solving a political problem, a compromise, then that conflict between values and expeditious solutions has to be reconciled and resolved.
Ghandi was able to chase the British Empire out of India, but he failed to convince some religious fundamentalist fanatics from separating from mother India (Pakistan and Afghanistan used to be part of India but separated because of their different religious beliefs). Obama may not be able to chase the Conservative Republicans out of America, and it is unclear if subsets of GOP fundamentalist fanatics will attempt to separate from America, like some in Texas and Alaska would like; but it is clear that Obama plans to use the satyagraha approach to lead this country to what he believes will be a more perfect union.